Ajwain also known as ajowancaraway, thymol seeds, bishop's weed, or carom - is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Ajwain's small, oval-shaped, seed-like fruits have a bitter and pungent taste, with a flavor similar to anise and oregano. Even a small number of fruits tends to dominate the flavor of a dish. The plant is mainly cultivated in Iran and India. Both the leaves and the seed‑like fruit of the plant are consumed by humans.
There is little high-quality clinical evidence that ajwain has anti-disease properties in humans. It is sold as a dietary supplement in capsules, liquids, or powders. Ajwain is used in traditional medicine practices, such as Ayurveda, in herbal blends in the belief it can treat various disorders. Homoeopathic medicines are prepared from the usage of fresh leaves to treat infections from urinary organs and a lot more.
The Ajwain seed like fruits are commonly dry-roasted or fried in ghee (clarified butter). This allows the spice to develop a more subtle and complex aroma. It is widely used in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent, often as part of a chaunk (also called a tarka), a mixture of spices – sometimes with a little chopped garlic or onion – fried in oil or clarified butter, which is used to flavor a dish at the end of cooking. In Afghanistan, the fruits are sprinkled over bread and biscuits.
Ajwain leaves are said to have a number of health benefits, including remedying stomach problems and for improving appetite and digestion. Bring these amazing leaves into your daily use to enhance taste and flavour of everyday dishes and for everyday home remedies. Ajwain leaves can be boiled with water and made into a warm concoction to remedy persistent cold and cough. You can make some fresh ajwain leaves chutney in grinder with some water and spices of your choice. The chutney can be enjoyed with pakodas, chips, crisps or even with parathas.
The ajwain plant can be grown to an optimum state if placed in a potting medium of 8 – 12 inches height. It might take around 7 – 15 days for the Ajwain seedling to emerge and make sure to water them regularly. You can also grow these plants by herbaceous green cutting or even through tip cutting. They should be placed in partial sunlight.
Women who are pregnant should not use ajwain due to potential adverse effects on fetal development, and its use is discouraged while breastfeeding. In high amounts taken orally, bishop's weed is considered to be toxic and can result in fatal poisoning.