• Nitika Mehra

Coronavirus Precautions & Safety Tips for Better Body Health

Updated: May 19

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that are typically mild, such as the common cold, to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.



Coronaviruses are believed to cause 15 to 30% of all common colds in adults and children. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.



Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. COVID-19 is still affecting mostly people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others at home, office or travelling by doing the following:


  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. It kills viruses that may be on your hands.

  • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing because when someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth because hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

  • When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue -- throw tissue away immediately and wash hands.

  • If you choose to wear a face mask, be sure to cover mouth and nose -- avoid touching mask once it's on.

  • Immediately discard single-use mask after each use and wash hands after removing masks.

  • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.

  • Use different chopping boards and knives for raw meat and cooked foods. Wash your hands between handling raw and cooked food.

  • Sick animals and animals that have died of diseases should not be eaten.

  • Even in areas experiencing outbreaks, meat products can be safely consumed if these items are cooked thoroughly and properly handled during food preparation.

  • Avoid travel if you have fever and cough.

  • If you become sick while travelling, inform crew and seek medical care early. Also share travel history with your health care provider.

  • Eat only well cooked food.

  • Avoid spitting in public.

  • Avoid close contact and travel with animals that are sick.



Information Source: Links 1, 2 & 3

Image Source: Google Images