The mind's mystical inner or third eye is located around the middle of the forehead, slightly above the junction of the eyebrows, which is also seen on the expressions of Lord Shiva. Its a esoteric concept of a speculative invisible eye which provides perception beyond ordinary sight.
Many with spiritual beliefs and practices believe that this is the subject of point with which our brains and bodies communicate with the world of invisible energy patterns, auras and out of the body experiences through meditation. And this leads to inner realms and spaces of higher consciousness. In New Age spirituality, the third eye often symbolizes a state of enlightenment or the evocation of mental images having deeply personal spiritual or psychological significance.
In Hinduism, "tilaka" is placed between the eyebrows as a representation of the third eye. Buddhists regard the third eye as the "eye of consciousness," representing the vantage point from which enlightenment beyond one's physical sight is achieved. In Taoism and many traditional Chinese religious sects such as Chan (called Zen in Japanese), "third eye training" involves focusing attention on the point between the eyebrows with the eyes closed, and while the body is in various qigong postures. The goal of this training is to allow students to tune into the correct "vibration" of the universe and gain a solid foundation on which to reach more advanced meditation levels. According to the Christian teaching of Father Richard Rohr, the concept of the third eye is a metaphor for non-dualistic thinking; the way the mystics see.
The third eye point also has great medical significance. Scientists refer to it as the pineal gland. The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the brain of most vertebrates and produces melatonin, a serotonin-derived hormone which modulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles.
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